Lin and buy one of a thousand consistent, Wu Song Da Hu won consistently reward one thousand, a thousand penetration equivalent to how much money now
Song of currency
Ancient Chinese coins sprout in the Xia Dynasty, originated in the Shang Dynasty, developed in the Eastern Zhou, Qin unified to win, after more than 4,000 in the long history, it has created more than 70 in the world. Moreover, a complete system of Chinese coins, rich categories, the context of a clear, broad connotation, is any one country can not be compared.
Song of currency to money-oriented, that is money-oriented reign, reign of money is very complex, variety, every few years there is a new kind of money available. In addition to the coins, as well as iron money, both in parallel. Song coin variety, mainly in copper-based, the biggest feature is the Chinese Song Dynasty coins perfectly embodies the art of calligraphy, according to historical records, a lot like the emperor of the Song Dynasty calligraphy, so the art of calligraphy seal, Li, Kai, OK, grass use the money to them. Northern Song Dynasty, gold and silver because the value is too high, is not suitable for small transactions, while the value of small coins, but for everyday use. Since the government attaches great importance to coins, so the production of large coins, and declared two years (1120), the annual amount of coins casting has reached 3 million consistent. This shows that the coins in the economic life of the Song Dynasty is indeed irreplaceable.
Song government attaches great importance coins in the country set up a lot of management responsible for casting coins coins prison. Song after three hundred years, many types of coins, of which the best, the Northern Song Dynasty coins copper content is between 62% -68%. High hardness, wear resistance; regular shape, clear writing, copper dense, and few blisters, porosity, shrinkage and other defects. In addition to the Song Dynasty coins good quality, there is a major feature of the copper material is much higher than the value of coins coins face value of the coins. Thus, it was melted into copper coins to private material, make the difference. Song Ming Chen ping 'mentions: the ten coins melted copper can obtain twelve, then made molten copper bronze sold, can profit five times. In addition to melt coins within pin can earn profits outside Song coins outside the purchasing power is also very strong. This is because foreign liked this moderate size, convenient and durable coins, often focused on high-priced acquisitions. In a letter to Minister of the Southern Song Dynasty emperor's even said: consistently coins (770 coins), you can change the value of hundreds of coherent foreign goods.
Song of economic prosperity
Song of the total economy , the world was occupied 80% of the (estimated) Song dynasties should be the only dynasty does not inhibit business development, economic prosperity outstanding performance in business. Experts once joked: you meet those messy coins, do not recognize all can be said Song. This exaggerated statement, but also reflects the fact that: the kind of tricks Song of money is too much! ! The earliest record of issued money, 300 years earlier than the European record of money. Northern Emperor Song years, the first "Jiaozi" by the Sichuan businessman, Jiaozi is the world's first paper currency. At that time the Central Plains, South China, most parts of North China with the passage of coins, Sichuan use iron money, Shanxi, Shaanxi, two are copper, iron and use the money, Guangdong is used along with gold and silver. In addition, the country Jie banknotes in circulation, or limited to a certain area, or can pass the country. Song denomination coins complex, name changes and more. Song Xiaoping money there, turning two, three fold, when five, when ten, when hundred, five hundred, etc. when different denominations, often change. Song Qian Bao Wen different in name, it is added to the confusion. Song whole experience of 319 years, a total of eighteen Emperor calendar, there are 38 kinds of species alone. Song Qian law instruments diverse, innovative, symmetry, complex features, and more from the famous, from the beginning of Yushu body "Chunhua ingot" running script, cursive money into the text, Zhuan, Li, line, grass, Kai, five bodies have .
Song has always been money converted into yuan
Most people can always money to ancient how much can be converted into RMB has been very curious. Today, with annual revenues of Bao Zheng conversion, for example, to briefly tell you about the usual number of Song Dynasty money can be converted into RMB. CLASSICS official Bao Zheng in the period. Bao Zheng life, official corruption, outspoken, was appointed the prefect of Kaifeng, Lung To Court scholar. According Renzong Period "Jia Youlu Order" records, annual salary Longtuge straight degree are: penetration coins 1656, Aya 10, 34 silk, Luo 2, two cotton 100. According to the "History of the Song official records" records, prefect of Kaifeng Bao Zheng made the annual salary is: 19200 coins consistent (consistently Minister Qian 18,000, Tim consistent support money 1200), 360 stone grain (rice, wheat each half), firewood Wo 240 bales, 480 bales of hay. In addition, Bao Zheng also assigned to the court of arable free transfer of two acres and allows rent, do not pay tax. According to the annual rent a rice calculation, year 2000 is the stone. Bao Zheng total annual income is consistent 20856 coins, stone grain 2360, Aya 10, 34 silk, Luo two, two cotton 100, 240 bundles of firewood, 480 bales of hay.
know in annual revenue after Bao Zheng, you can start the conversion. Because of China's gold and silver yield very little, the ancient gold and silver and are imported from abroad, the price of gold and silver price volatility is relatively large, so as to convert gold and silver to have a greater deviation. Therefore, according to the price of rice to calculate more reasonable. Song is about 1 kg 640 grams today. Shen Kuo's "Dream Pool Essays" records, equivalent to 92.5 1 Rock Song Song pounds, that is to say Song 1 stone of 59,200 grams of food today, namely 118.4 pounds. According to historical records and research experts, among CLASSICS years, the price of rice in a stone between 700 to 600 text files, Guan 1 coins equal to 10 hanging, hanging equal to 1 100 files. If calculated according to the current 2.3 yuan per kilogram price of rice, grain stone Song 1 is 272.32 yuan, a consistent money about 389 to 453.9 yuan. Calculation of salary and food alone, Bao Zheng's annual income is approximately between 8,760,000 to 10,110,000. So Bao year salary, just part of the coins, there are nearly 21,000 Guan - so rich is considered wealthy, then, Bao six months salary can be achieved.
1 = 1000 consistent text.
The historical records, "penetration" counts as coins started Western Han Dynasty. According to "Han Food and Money" reads: "the capital of the huge money tired one hundred million and consistent and not rotten school." We can see from this record, although consistent here refers to money used to string a rope, but we read the whole sentence, it can be seen, when the money has always been a given number. In addition, according to "Han Emperor Wu Ji" reads: hunter for four years, "the beginning of cord count money," Li Fei quoted comment as follows:. "Money has always been one thousand, twenty also considered a" From here we can see in the Western Han Dynasty period, a thousand text is always already given a number! Consistent, but Song is called. Han called "cord", the Qing Dynasty called "a hanging." The agreement is consistent with the currency coins, 1000. Value of one or two coins. This is a very large number. With a rope put 1000 coins, but also very heavy, about 4.5 kg. Song a penny is not worth the time, roughly equivalent to the yen; valuable time, equivalent to US $; this volatility is really great. Ancient times often said that a consistent money or is 1 Diaoqian 1000 article, that has always been money (1 Diaoqian) = 1000 coins in the Song Dynasty and the Song Dynasty, because the popular provincial street to seventy-seven money per hundred ( "Song" volume 180 food goods), which has always been paid only 770 coins. Beijing also appeared in the late Qing Dynasty "Thirty text one hundred", the money has always been the fact that only 300 coins. Song has always been money equivalent to the current 3000-4000 yuan, equivalent to the Qing Dynasty 400-500 yuan, which is from the time of purchasing power in terms of social, not simply at today's silver prices to count.
this ancient and modern currency conversion, history background is important, different dynasties calculated values are very different. As we all know, Lin and Wu are "Water Margin" inside the characters, and the author of "Outlaws of the Marsh" Shinai although the Ming Dynasty, but it is the background story of the Northern Song Dynasty. The exact point of speaking it should be the end of the Northern Song Dynasty, which appeared in many of the Northern Song Dynasty historical figures and events such as Huizong, golf, Fang La uprising. Therefore, the request is the equivalent of the Northern Song Dynasty a thousand consistent now how much money?
this year difference between ancient and modern currency for thousands of years, is certainly no direct exchange rate, so we need in terms of reference do comparison. In general, gold is the most popular in terms of reference, because it both in ancient or modern, can all be linked with money hard currency. So, we can go through the money these one thousand converted into the equivalent of gold, and then replace it with the current price of gold calculated result. Late Northern Song Dynasty, money exchange ratio is about 1: 2, ie one or two silver to exchange for two strings of cash. If the exchange goes according to this ratio, a thousand strings of cash should be able to change to 500 ounces of silver. In addition, the exchange ratio of gold and silver is probably the same period of 1:10, that is, a taels of gold, to change hundred pence, then one thousand strings of cash will be able to change to 50 taels of gold.
of course, Song is" copper-based "monetary system, though gold and silver are hard currency, but not the money, so the price is more volatile, due to the time and region, these proportions are only made a general. After conversion into gold, we can now use to set the price of gold. However, one thing to note that the ancient mass unit and today we are different. 50 taels of gold the Northern Song Dynasty, in fact, only about 40 are now two, it is two kilograms. If the price of gold, large 450 yuan a gram, down in the count is 900,000 yuan. Of course, certainly people may ask, why must use the conversion price of gold, silver prices can not it? This is mainly due to the depreciation of the Ming and Qing Dynasties silver too much, when Chinese porcelain, tea, silk exported overseas, earning substantial foreign exchange, but China is basically not very import foreign goods, led to serious trade surplus, making a large silver into China. Later, the Western countries in order to reverse the situation, start typing opium, eventually led to the Opium War.
in fact, the method of conversion of gold is not too tricky. Although the price of silver price volatility is not so big, but inflation after all is there. Therefore, in order to ensure the objectivity of the data, you can also find other conversion reference, such as purchasing power based on the price of rice. According to historical data, we can estimate about the late Northern Song Dynasty Bianjing price of rice has always been a stone. That is to say, a thousand consistently can buy one thousand stone rice. The Song of a stone equivalent of 120 pounds today it is a thousand stone is 12 kilograms. If you press 3 per pound price of rice to count, a thousand penetration equivalent to 360,000 yuan. See, this conversion of the value of gold differ materially.
in fact, the purchasing power of conversion is not too tricky, after all, the productivity of the Northern Song Dynasty and today we are far, two hundred pounds per mu and two per mu jin simply two concepts, in addition to our many food alternatives, with the improvement of living standards, spending accounting for rice is very low. Therefore, such a reaction out of the data is also not very objective, in fact, can control two times salary income. According to Mr. Cheng Minsheng book "Song Price Studies", the Northern Song Dynasty, in the first-tier cities like Bianjing center, a general handyman restaurant, or street stall of small traders would be able to file income of two hundred a day, a May is about six thousand text. And we today first-tier cities, such as the bottom of salaried persons whose monthly income but also Liuqi Qian. So the control down, the North Song Yiwen money it is equivalent to a dollar today. Front counted, a thousand there are 770,000 penny consistent, that is 770,000 yuan. These can be a lot of money, you can buy a set of almost a small apartment in an ordinary second-tier cities. So the thousand consistent, really is not what can be a small number. This projection, Chao Gai did they rob hundreds of thousands Extorted, it would have to be 77 million, the amount of a major robbery nearly billion ah. No wonder the mountain to become an outlaw, was also not caught behead?
so, Mr. Shinai the" Water Margin "in the positioning of the price is still reasonable. Let us look at other knife worth: Zhishen said: "Sajia bar fight Buddhist monk's staff, a Jiedao, I wonder fine iron it good?" Dai Zhao said:. "Villain here being some good iron" Zhishen Road : "? two years home life, to be a few pieces of silver," awaiting orders: "no bargaining, real to five ounces of silver." Lu: a Buddhist monk's staff Jiedao an iron + = 5 ounces of silver = 1250 yuan, Lu explained knife not too far off the mark. Ancients had a saying: one hundred thousand penetration around his waist, riding a crane Yangzhou! Yun: a penny stumped hero Han! Song is a high consumption of high-income society, therefore, consistent Song 1000 although now reach 100 million, there are now at least 700,000 yuan -80 ten thousand yuan. A knife on several hundred thousand dollars, Lin would definitely be sold knife kill! It is consistently one thousand coins, the ancient metaphor rich with great wealth of the rich, the wealthy have money to make people jealous eyes of a drop of blood. So Daming Fu Liang Zhongshu father Cai Jing sent to consistent cost $ coins with gold and diamonds, the Chao Gai will be able to lead the East Village of moving the heart of the rich, together with Wu, male pine wins, Liu Tang, three homes in Huang Nigang robbed birthday Gang, after the incident, was forced on the Liangshan. So the tools and try sword, in addition to Lin Qiangbang the eight hundred thousand imperial guards coach, general people really can not afford. So Song Guan thousand coins, representing the entire family owned a few millionaire modern bar. Lin spent a thousand strings of cash, Wu had one thousand strings of cash, regardless of the thousand strings of cash in now or in the Song Dynasty, is the number of sort of a small sum. We do know that both head Wu Yanggu County, equivalent to the current ordinary small town. Lin in Tokyo, the capital of Kaifeng, can be understood as the north of Guangzhou-Shenzhen metropolis today. So for Lin and Wu, the Wu can be the full amount to buy a house to live and work Yanggu County, Lin can only buy a kitchen, even the down payment can still afford to pay, we will have to continue to work hard.