Fly wins Luding Bridge is fiction? Red Army forced civilians as human shields? History can not slander
The Long March is a great miracle in human history, has written a magnificent epic of revolutionary heroism. Red Army showed a firm ideals and beliefs and indomitable heroic spirit of the Long March, the best interpretation of the Chinese Communist Party early heart and mission. Lver Caogu to deny historical facts "fly wins Luding Bridge," the map and do not have him, it is not an example of.
This year is the 85th anniversary of the victory of the Red Army "flying wins Luding Bridge." For a long time, "flying wins Luding Bridge" has been regarded as the Red Army bravery, sacrifice typical of wars. But in recent years he was questioned, and even repeated the baseless assertion mislead the public. As British writer Jung Chang declared: "In fact, there is no fighting in Luding Bridge May 29 when the Red Army arrived, no Luding Bridge Kuomintang troops guarded.", "It was not a Kuomintang numerous communication speak Luding Bridge fight to the finish, "finds" fly wins Luding Bridge "purely fictitious. She also said that once interviewed a 93-year-old local woman, the old man said, the Red Army, "a gun Yin and Yang shot hit past" and "End the bridge slowly," when the bridge "did not play." Jung Chang also "quote" is another material, Deng Xiaoping said in 1982, had Brzezinski said: ".. This is only for propaganda, we need to show the fighting spirit of our troops is really not what battles to fight." In addition, two a man named Ed Jocelyn, Mapu an Englishman after re-take the Long way wrote, "two people of the Long march," a book, they quote an interview with a local 86-year-old eyewitness Li Guoxiu words: "Red Army war began at 8 am, fight day and night. people leading the way, the Red Army followed, several people were hit by the KMT fell into the river. " This is the nature of the material even worse: the Red Army actually force people to lead the way, as human shields.
it is clear that these statements are an attempt to deny the Red Army" flying wins Luding Bridge "heroic deeds. But in fact, both say there is a big fallacy.
First, the "fly wins Luding" not only means that the bridge wins the battle, further comprising after 240 days and nights in a forced march. What happened was: the Red Army seized Dadu Anshunchang ferry, but the ferry because of too little, spend all go take a long time, and the enemy has been approaching from behind. So Revolutionary Military Commission decided that part of the field forces continued to cross the river from Anshun, large forces Luding Bridge across the river from upstream. The central task to win the Luding Bridge since the Long March has been a pioneer Yang Chengwu red four groups, initially to its three-day time limit. Luding Bridge from the field to a total of 320 in Anshun, red four groups first day of the march 80 years, but the next day the Central urgent telegram, the command must win the next four groups of red Luding Bridge, which means that the remaining 240 in the rugged Road shall finish the day, the equivalent of 3 to complete a marathon day. In this sense, the "fly wins" is entirely true.
" fly wins Luding Bridge "(painting), author Liu Guoshu
Furthermore, fighting over whether the Luding Bridge, the above two statements also contradict each other. Jung Chang said, "there is no fighting," says Ed Jocelyn and other "fight day and night," it really is too fighting? Jung Chang said Luding Bridge is not the Kuomintang army guard, Ed Jocelyn and other KMT said that several people were hit fell into the river, and that in the end there is no Kuomintang troops? They ask is a 93-year-old, a 86-year-old question is, are the source of oral material. In contrast, more historical value should be the original file from the enemy. Taiwan's "National History" possession "of President Chiang Kai-shek Cultural Relics" in Sai warlord Liu Wenhui sent a telegram of Chiang Kai-shek, saying his men "Luding Bridge and Lee group of bandits fighting along the river," This time of war occurred in May 1935 29, is just the Red Army "flying wins Luding Bridge" that day. Here "fighting" is, no doubt that Jung Chang called "the KMT numerous communication is not a fight to the finish speaking Luding Bridge," saying that Lver Caogu, extremely precise jump off. In addition, Ed Jocelyn and so-called "Red Army forced the people lead the way," the same can be relied upon, then someone check on it to Li Guoxiu elderly, she categorically denied that he had talked about such a thing.
As Jung Chang Brzezinski reference to the content of Deng Xiaoping, there is a big problem. The investigation "Chronicle of Deng Xiaoping", Deng Xiaoping in 1982, did not then seen Brzezinski, The meeting took place in 1981, Jung Chang the first time made a mistake. In 1981, Brzezinski and his family went to visit Dadu and Luding Bridge, then back to Beijing talk impressions of this visit with Deng Xiaoping. He later said, according to a speech in the United States, Deng Xiaoping told him: This is our propaganda, we need to use it to express the fighting spirit of our troops. In fact, this is a very simple military action. On the other side of the armed warlords have mostly old rifles, vulnerable. And Jung Chang is quoted: "This is just for propaganda, we need to show the fighting spirit of our troops is really not what battles to fight.." Two contrast, the meaning of the first sentence of the same, and this, of course, the heroic spirit of the Red Army worthy of publicity, if not brave Red Army offensive, the enemy is not their own retreat. But there is an obvious problem, Deng Xiaoping said that this is a military operation, did not say "In fact, not what battles to fight." Obviously, Jung Chang deliberately misinterpreted the words of Deng Xiaoping, made up a rumor. The reason why Deng Xiaoping put it more relaxed, and he should be involved in a large battle fierce battle command experience numerous, and he wears his acting style and language habits. Deng Xiaoping once said: "After crossing the river battle, but three wild in Shanghai hit the outside of battle, what of the other big battle?" In this context, the Battle of Luding Bridge is attributed to "a very simple military operation." , it is not surprising.
Luding Bridge over the Dadu??. Xinhua News Agency Data Figure
comprehensive view of historical parties, "fly wins Luding Bridge," the facts are clear. In the Kuomintang Central Army, before and after Joseph containment, in a vain attempt to destroy the Red Army at the critical situation of the Dadu River, the Red Army officers and men dauntless fighting spirit of the day and night forced march arrived at Luding Bridge, the original enemy battle plans are dashed. Luding Bridge deck just east bank of the defenders completely unexpected removal of part of the Red Army had to reach the West Bank, had to stop the action, fled the deck. American reporters interviewed many Red Army soldiers after Snow wrote: "When the Red Army arrived, they found that half of the planks have been broken away, in front of them to just empty cable between the river center." Red emergency collecting wood with four groups bridge to shop, 4 to 29 pm began to attack. Yang Chengwu ordered the troops to concentrate all weapons opened fire on the other side, a successful suppression of enemy fire. According to Nie recalled commando "side of the Chain Bridge capped door panels, while shooting creeping forward." At the same time, across the river from another branch Anshunchang troops outflanking, rapidly approaching Luding Bridge, the enemy attacked front and rear, and ultimately defeat.
Over the years, with the deepening of the Long March of the study, through various mutual historical evidence, supplemented with details of the long march during a number of important historical events, but also revised the existing studies of individual corruption. For example, in describing recovery "fly wins Luding Bridge" historical detail, the original bridge wins the battle of Red Army soldiers, "climbing the parapet, marching iron chain to the other side rushed," the relevant historical data will be corrected. This is a historical study of normal move, does not negate the basic facts of a war Luding Bridge.
sculpture in the Luding Bridge Memorial Hall. Xinhua News Agency Figure
"fly wins Luding Bridge," not only created a miracle in the history of the military, more importantly, it's the victory of the Long March has great strategic significance. Brzezinski in the "long march along the pilgrimage route Ji" American magazine "Life" published said: "Luding Bridge Battle of the Long March is the most important battle ...... If fail to cross the river, and if the Red Army under fire shaken, or KMT tore up the bridge, and that the subsequent history of China may have to rewrite. "after this war, Chiang Kai-shek wants to use the Dadu River natural barrier will become the second Red Army Ground dreams dashed, the Red Army break the KMT army South chase north block, successfully opened the pathway forward, joined forces to lay a solid foundation for a successful red Fourth army. May 1985, the Red Army was held Luding fly won the Luding Bridge 50th anniversary of the General Assembly and fly won the Luding Bridge groundbreaking ceremony for the monument, is pleased to Deng Xiaoping wrote the "Red Army monument fly won the Luding Bridge," the name of the monument.
Source: Central CYL